A genus of about forty-five species, the majority of them confined to the tropical parts of S.E. Asia. It is allied to Magnolia but differs in its axillary flowers and stalked gynoecium. Linnaeus named the genus in honour of P. A. Micheli, the Florentine botanist (1679-1737). The type-species, M. champaca, is widely grown in the tropics for its handsome foliage and scented flowers.