A modern reference to temperate woody plants, including updated content from this site and much new material, can be found at Trees and Shrubs Online.




A genus of about twenty-five species of herbs and sub-shrubs, most of them natives of the Mediterranean region. One, however, is widespread in Europe including the British Isles, two or three are found in north­east tropical Africa, and one is S. African. Ballota pseudodictamnus, with white woolly leaves, is the most decorative of the genus, but is scarcely woody enough to qualify for treatment here.

Species articles