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Edgeworthia chrysantha Lindl.

Modern name

Edgeworthia tomentosa (Thunb.) Nakai


Edgeworthia papyrifera Sieb. & Zucc.

A deciduous shrub up to 6 or 8 ft high; young shoots clothed at first with silky hairs, becoming glabrous and olive green, extraordinarily tough and supple. Leaves alternate, narrowly oval to narrowly ovate, pointed, wedge-shaped at the base, entire, 3 to 512 in. long, 34 to 2 in. wide, dark dull green and glabrous or with scattered hairs above, greyish green beneath and clothed with appressed silky hairs when young; stalk 14 to 58 in. long. Flowers slightly fragrant, scarcely stalked, produced in February and March, forty to fifty packed together in a usually globose terminal head measuring 1 to 112 or even 2 in. in width; main-stalk 12 in. long. As in Daphne the flower has only one floral envelope, which is called the calyx or perianth. This is tubular, 12 to 34 in. long, slender, expanding at the apex into four rounded lobes which are deep yellow. The outside of the tube is entirely clothed with long, white silky hairs. Stamens eight, in two row of four.

Native of China; introduced in 1845. It has long been cultivated in Japan for the manufacture of a high-class paper used for currency but is not indigenous there. It has not proved hardy at Kew, but can be grown outside in the milder counties and in maritime districts. Although the flowers are mostly covered with white silky hairs, the rich cowslip yellow of the lobes gives a pleasing touch of colour, especially at the early season when they appear. The young twigs are so remarkably supple that they can easily be tied into knots. A specimen in Roath Park, Cardiff, planted in 1957-8, was over 7 ft high in 1966 and suffered no damage in the winter of 1962-3 (Gard. Chron., June 1, 1966, p. 558).

E. gardneri (Wall.) Meissn. Daphne gardneri Wall. – A native of the Himalaya from Nepal and Sikkim. It is closely akin to E. chrysantha but is ever­green and the leaves are not, on the whole, so large. The flowers are yellow and fragrant, but the hairs on the outside are shorter and less silky. It has long been cultivated in the greenhouses at Kew, but is not so hardy as E. chrysantha. The flowers turn black with drying. Bot. Mag., t. 7180.



Other species in the genus

[No species article available]