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Eucalyptus urnigera Hook. f.

Urn Gum

Modern name

Eucalyptus urnigera Hook.f.

A tree usually not more than 50 ft in height, though considerably taller in favoured situations; bark peeling, white to red or brown. Young shoots of juvenile trees warted; leaves orbicular, often notched or with a small mucro at the apex; 1 to 134 in. wide; adult leaves ovate to lanceolate, 2 to 4 in. long, 34 to 2 in. wide; tapered or rounded at the base. Flowers three together on a main-stalk up to 1 in. long, the stalk of the individual flowers also distinctly developed and 14 to 13 in. long. Calyx-tube urn-shaped, 14 in. long. Fruit urn- shaped, with the valves deeply enclosed. Bot. Mag., n.s., t. 536.

Native of the mountains of Tasmania at 2,000 to 3,500 ft; introduced before 1860. It is a variable species in the colour of the leaves, which may be green or glaucous. There is also some variability in hardiness, but it is certainly to be reckoned as one of the hardiest species. There were two fine specimens at Crarae Lodge, Argyll, planted in 1907, the taller of which measured 96 × 10 ft. Both were blown down early in 1968. There are also some forty or fifty younger trees in the collection with conspicuously glaucous foliage raised (Sir Ilay Campbell tells us) from two batches of seed collected near Lake Fenton by Dr Martin of Hobart. Plants from this provenance have been distributed from Crarae to many Scottish gardens.

In Ireland the following specimens were recorded in 1966: Mount Usher, Co. Wicklow, Eire, 100 × 8 ft; and in Northern Ireland: Rowallane, Co. Down, 95 × 714 ft; Castlewellan, Co. Down, 105 × 9 and 102 × 812 ft.

This species has been confused with E. gunnii to which it is closely allied but from which it is well distinguished by the stalked, urn-shaped fruits on a long common-stalk.

Eucalyptus urnigera

Eucalyptus urnigera

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

specimens: Stonefield, Argyll, 82 × 12 ft (1981); Crarae, Argyll, pl. 1934, 72 × 5 ft and, pl. 1940, 70 × 412 ft (1976); Kilmun, Argyll, pl. 1951, 80 × 312 ft and, pl. 1953, 82 × 334 ft (1978); Castlewellan, Co. Down, 100 × 1014 ft and 110 × 934 ft (1982).



Other species in the genus