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Mahonia fremontii (Torr.) Fedde

Modern name

Mahonia fremontii (Torr.) Fedde


Berberis fremontii Torr.

An evergreen shrub 3 to 12 ft high, with pinnate leaves composed of five or seven leaflets of a vividly glaucous colour. Leaflets 34 to 114 in. long, spine-tipped, and with one or more spiny teeth at each side, the terminal leaflet is stalked and ovate to lanceolate, the others sessile and shorter. Flowers yellow, and produced four to eight together towards the end of a raceme 2 to 3 in. in length, each flower on a slender stalk 12 to 34 in. long. Fruits blue, becoming dry and inflated at maturity, enclosing six to eight seeds.

Native of the hot, dry, south-western United States (Texas, Arizona, etc.). This striking and handsome species may be grown on a south wall, and, wherever cultivated, should be given the sunniest position available. The only species in cultivation likely to be confused with this is M. trifoliolata, which has leaflets of the same form and (in var. glauca) very glaucous hue, but only three of them to each leaf.



Other species in the genus