A modern reference to temperate woody plants, including updated content from this site and much new material, can be found at Trees and Shrubs Online.

Crataegus oliveriana [Dum.-Cours.] Bosc

Modern name

Crataegus pentagyna Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.


Mespilus oliveriana Dum.-Cours.; C. oxyacantha var. oliveriana (Bosc) Lindl.; C. pentagyna var. oliveriana (Dum.-Cours.) Rehd.

A shapely small tree with the habit of the common hawthorn, but not so tall; young shoots grey, downy. Leaves 1 to 2 in. long, often as wide; three- or five-lobed, the basal lobes deep; grey with down on both sides, especially beneath, remaining downy until they fall, even on the upper side; stalks 12 to 114 in. long. Flowers white, 58 in. across, in compact corymbs about 2 in. across. Calyx and flower-stalk very woolly. Fruits about 14 in. long, egg-shaped, black-purple, at first hairy, abundant.

Native of S.E. Europe. This rather striking thorn has by some authors been placed under C. pentagyna, to which it is, no doubt, closely allied. But, as represented at Kew, it differs plainly from it in the small fruits, in the deeper, more finely toothed lobes of the leaf, in the abundant and more persistent down, and in the entire or less deeply toothed stipules. It is, I think, undoubtedly the thorn mentioned by Loudon under the second synonym given above and figured by Lindley in Bot. Reg., t. 1933.



Other species in the genus