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Enkianthus cernuus (Sieb. & Zucc.) Makino

Modern name

Enkianthus cernuus (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Makino


Meisteria cernua Sieb. & Zucc.

A deciduous shrub 5 to 10 ft high, with glabrous, bifurcating branches. Leaves obovate, 34 to 112 in. long, half to two-thirds as wide, finely round-toothed, glabrous, or with a few hairs at the base of the midrib beneath. Flowers in a nodding raceme of ten or twelve blossoms, produced in May, each on a downy stalk 14 to 12 in. long. Corolla bell-shaped, 14 in. long and broad, white, the margin cut up into numerous slender-pointed, unequal teeth; calyx-lobes ovate-lanceolate, fringed with short hairs; seed-vessel 16 to 14 in. long.

Native of Japan. It is easily distinguished by the almost fringed mouth of the corolla.

var. rubens (Maxim.) Mak. – This is similar to the type, except that its leaves are usually shorter and broader (roundish obovate), often from 12 to 34 in. long, and the flowers of a rich deep red. Very distinct and beautiful. Such red-flowered forms are found in the wild state but perhaps not invariably with this shape of leaf.

From the Supplement (Vol. V)

† var. matsudae (Komatsu) Makino E. matsudae Komatsu – Leaves narrower than in the typical variety, deep red. Native of the main island of Japan.



Other species in the genus