A modern reference to temperate woody plants, including updated content from this site and much new material, can be found at Trees and Shrubs Online.

Euonymus kiautschovicus Loes.

Modern name

Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz.


E. patens Rehd.

An evergreen or semi-deciduous shrub up to 9 or 10 ft high, of spreading habit, not downy in any part. Leaves oval or obovate, 2 to 3 in. long, 34 to 134 in. wide; tapered at the base, pointed or bluntish at the apex, round-toothed, of firm texture, and bright green; stalk 14 in. or less long. Flowers greenish white, 13 in. across, four-parted, numerous, on loose erect cymes 112 to 4 in. wide, on a main-stalk 1 to 112 in. long. Fruit nearly 12 in. across, pink, glabrous and not lobed; aril orange-red.

A native of China, whence it was introduced into the United States, about 1860, by Dr G. R. Hall. Small plants were sent to Kew in 1905, but it may have been in cultivation before as E. japonicus. To that species it is very closely akin, but is probably hardier. It has a wider inflorescence, and its habit is laxer than in E. japonicus, the lower branches often taking root. The leaves are thinner, more pointed, and more finely toothed. It fruits late in the autumn, November 28 being the date on which it received an Award of Merit when shown from Regent’s Park in 1961.



Other species in the genus