A modern reference to temperate woody plants, including updated content from this site and much new material, can be found at Trees and Shrubs Online.

Prunus arabica (Oliv.) Meikle

Modern name

Prunus arabica (Olivier) Meikle


Amygdalus arabica Oliv.; A. spartioides Spach; Prunus spartioides (Spach) Schneid.

An unarmed shrub of broom-like habit 3 to 6 ft high, with green, glabrous, angled branches, leafless in the hot season. Leaves linear-lanceolate, up to 158 in. long, 18 to 316 in. wide, shortly stalked. Flowers solitary, sessile, borne in spring, each from a bud with numerous brown imbricating scales, 12 to 34 in. wide, white or pinkish; receptacle partly concealed by the bud-scales, broad campanulate, glabrous or almost so. Ovary densely hairy. Fruits ovoid, slightly flattened, about 1 in. long; stone smooth.

P. arabica is an almond of unusual habit, occurring in dry steppe and open oak woodland from S. and E. Anatolia to Persia. As in many plants of arid regions, its stems have to a large extent taken over the function of photosynthesis.

P. scoparia (Spach) Schneid. Amygdalus scoparia Spach – Closely allied to the preceding, but taller and sometimes a tree up to 20 ft high, with terete, not angled stems, and flowers up to 1 in. wide. It occupies similar habitats but is confined to Iran.



Other species in the genus